What implications do the latest UK visa regulations have for families with members from different countries?

The British home secretary has announced that a minimum annual income of £38,700 will be required for a British citizen to bring a family member to the UK.
Multinational families are expressing opposition to the new family visa regulations disclosed by the home secretary, James Cleverly, this month. These rules are expected to make it nearly impossible for most individuals in the UK to reside in Britain with a partner from another country.
According to Home Office regulations, anyone bringing a spouse, partner, or child from abroad to live in the UK must be able to financially support them. This means that the partner based in the UK must demonstrate available funds equivalent to a minimum gross yearly income of £18,600. An additional £3,800 is required for a first child, and £2,400 for each subsequent child. Cash savings above £16,000 can be included.
An evaluation conducted in 2020 revealed that out of 56 countries, the UK had the second most stringent measures, following Denmark. The children’s commissioner for England estimated that up to 15,000 British children are growing up in “Skype families” due to the inability of their parents to live together.
The minimum earnings threshold was established in 2012, and it was expected that the government would only increase it based on inflation. However, last week the home secretary announced that it would rise to £38,700 starting from next spring, which exceeds the median average full-time salary. It is unclear why this figure has been chosen to apply to families and couples, although it is the same threshold required for skilled workers to obtain a visa.
According to current immigration rules, income from overseas employment does not fulfill the requirement, as only income earned within the UK is considered.
In the year ending September 2023, a total of 82,395 family-related visas were granted. The most common countries of origin were Pakistan, India, and the US. Eight out of ten visas were granted to partners, while the remaining were for children. The number of families deterred from applying due to the income threshold is unknown, but it is likely that thousands of people will be affected by this change. Under the existing threshold, three-quarters of UK residents have sufficient income to bring a loved one from abroad, as stated by the Migration Observatory. However, the analysis by The Guardian indicates that over 60% will not be able to afford it under the new threshold.

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