The United States declares its preparedness to offer assistance for a revised United Nations resolution designed to enhance humanitarian aid to Gaza.

It was uncertain whether the changes in the UN Security Council resolution would be accepted by other members, especially Russia, during the vote on Friday.

The United States has announced its readiness to support a UN Security Council resolution aimed at increasing the flow of humanitarian aid into Gaza following a week of negotiations and significant revisions, including the elimination of a call for an “urgent suspension of hostilities.”

The vote on the resolution was postponed for the fourth consecutive day until Friday after late-night negotiations. However, the US Ambassador to the UN, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, stated that the US and Arab states had devised a modified version that Washington could endorse.

“We are prepared to vote on it. It is a resolution that will deliver humanitarian assistance to those in need,” said Thomas-Greenfield. “It will support Egypt’s priority in establishing a mechanism on the ground to provide humanitarian aid, and we are ready to make progress.”

The acceptance of the changes by other council members, particularly Russia, remained unclear. The vote was delayed until Friday to allow UN missions to consult with their respective capitals.

According to a draft of the revised resolution obtained by The Guardian, the call for an “urgent suspension of hostilities” to facilitate humanitarian relief has been removed and replaced with a demand for “urgent steps to immediately allow safe and unhindered humanitarian access, and also for creating the conditions for a sustainable cessation of hostilities.”

The section that initially called for the UN Secretary-General to establish a solely responsible mechanism for monitoring aid shipments has been amended to call for the appointment of a “senior humanitarian and reconstruction coordinator” who will be responsible for “facilitating, coordinating, monitoring, and verifying the humanitarian nature of all relief consignments in Gaza, as appropriate.”

It is expected that this coordinator, to be appointed quickly, will “establish a UN mechanism for expediting the provision of humanitarian relief consignments to Gaza,” while consulting with “all relevant parties,” primarily referring to Israel.

The draft resolution “demands that the conflict parties cooperate with the coordinator to fulfill their mandate promptly and without obstruction.”

The impact of the revised language on humanitarian deliveries on aid convoys remains uncertain, but Thomas-Greenfield denied that the resolution had been weakened.

“The draft resolution is a very robust resolution that is fully endorsed by the Arab group, providing what they believe is necessary to facilitate humanitarian assistance on the ground,” she stated.

During this week’s negotiations, the US argued that the original wording, which granted the UN “exclusive control” over a year-long humanitarian delivery mechanism, was inflexible and could hinder the delivery of emergency supplies.

The removal of the call for a suspension of hostilities will alleviate international pressure on Israel, which has rejected deadlines for concluding its offensive. Additionally, a paragraph in the initial resolution that “firmly condemns all violations of international humanitarian law, including indiscriminate attacks on civilians and civilian objects, violence and hostilities against civilians, and acts of terrorism” has been deleted.

“The US may have turned a very unfavorable situation into an opportunity. They have managed to dilute the text so much that Washington can accept it, but Russia, in particular, may struggle to accept it,” said Richard Gowan, UN Director at the International Crisis Group. “The language about creating conditions for a cessation of hostilities is extremely vague.”

Gowan added, “The language around the coordinator is unclear. There is still a mention of a UN humanitarian mechanism, but it provides the UN with little guidance or leverage.”

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