The addition of a new rooster atop Notre Dame signifies a momentous turning point in the cathedral’s restoration.

Crane installs weathervane symbolising resurrection, resilience and hope following devastating 2019 fire

The installation by a crane of a new golden rooster on Notre Dame, reimagined as a dramatic phoenix with licking, flamed feathers, goes beyond being just a weathervane atop the cathedral spire.

It symbolises resilience amid destruction after the devastating April 2019 fire – as restoration officials also revealed an anti-fire misting system is being kitted out under the cathedral’s roof.

Chief architect Philippe Villeneuve, who designed the new rooster, said that the original’s survival signified a ray of light in the catastrophe.

“That there was hope, that not everything was lost. The beauty of the (old) battered rooster … expressed the cry of the cathedral suffering in flames,” Villeneuve said. He described the new work of art, approximately half a metre long and gleaming in the December sun behind Notre Dame Cathedral, as his “phoenix”.

Villeneuve elaborated on the new rooster’s significance, saying: “Since (the fire) we have worked on this rooster (the) successor, which sees the flame carried to the top of the cathedral as it was before, more than 96 metres from the ground … It is a fire of resurrection.”

In lighthearted comments, the architect said that the process of design was so intense he might have to speak to his therapist about it.

Before ascending to its perch, the rooster – a French emblem of vigilance and Christ’s resurrection – was blessed by Paris Archbishop Laurent Ulrich in a square behind the monument. The rooster – or “coq” in French – is an emotive national emblem for the French because of the word’s semantics – the Latin gallus meaning Gaul and gallus simultaneously meaning rooster.

Ulrich placed sacred relics in a hole inside the rooster’s breast, including fragments of Christ’s Crown of Thorns and remains of St Denis and St Genevieve, infusing the sculpture with religious importance.

The Crown of Thorns, regarded as Notre Dame’s most sacred relic, was among the treasures quickly removed after the fire broke out. Brought to Paris by King Louis IX in the 13th century, it is purported to have been pressed on to Christ’s head during the crucifixion.

A sealed tube was also placed in the sculpture containing a list of the names of nearly 2,000 individuals who contributed to the cathedral’s reconstruction, underscoring the collective effort behind the works.

Amid the rooster benediction ceremony, Notre Dame’s new restoration chief, Philippe Jost, detailed pioneering measures taken to safeguard the cathedral against future fires in rare comments to the press.

“We have deployed a range of fire protection devices, some of which are very innovative in a cathedral, including a misting system in the attics, where the oak frame and in the spire are located,” Jost said. “And this is a first for a cathedral in France.”

French president Emmanuel Macron, who last week visited the site to mark a one-year countdown to its reopening, announced that the original rooster will be displayed in a new museum at the Hôtel-Dieu.

This move, along with plans to invite Pope Francis for the cathedral’s reopening next year, highlights Notre Dame’s significance in French history and culture.

The rooster’s installation, crowning a spire reconstructed from Eugène Viollet-le-Duc’s 19th-century design, is a poignant reminder of its medieval origins as a symbol of hope and faith.

Its longstanding association with the French nation since the Renaissance further adds to its historical and cultural significance, marking a new chapter of renewal and hope for Notre Dame and the French people.

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