Numerous individuals evacuate Wad Madani, Sudan’s second largest urban center, in order to flee the ongoing conflict.

Region had served as a sanctuary for those seeking refuge from the conflict in Khartoum between the army and the Rapid Support Forces.
In Wad Madani, Sudan’s second largest city, where the majority of Khartoum’s displaced people sought shelter at the start of the conflict between the Sudanese army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces in April, thousands of people are now fleeing their homes. The fighting reached Wad Madani, the capital city of el-Gezira state, located in central Sudan, on Friday. Some people are seen traveling by buses, while others are walking southward.
Reports of looting and destruction of banks and main markets in Madani by armed groups and civilians have emerged. The prices of transportation and fuel have also increased.
A physician in Madani, Mohamed Babikir, stated that people are hiding inside their houses due to intense street battles. “So many people have fled,” he said. “Those of us who remained are trapped in our homes.” There have been reports of heavy artillery and fighter jets above the city.
The army has closed a bridge that connects the cities of Al Hasahesa and Rufaa to the north of Madani.
Last weekend in Djibouti, the two conflicting sides committed to a ceasefire facilitated by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development, an East African political body. However, on Thursday, the army bombed Neyala, the capital of South Darfur state, causing the deaths of many people, including civilians. Following intense fighting that lasted for months, Neyala is now under the control of the RSF. Three other major states have also fallen under the RSF’s control, leaving only North Darfur under army control.
Several aid organizations have suspended their operations in Madani, which had become a center for humanitarian work following the outbreak of war in Khartoum, due to the latest developments.
“We have temporarily halted our work in Wad Madani due to the conflict there and plan to resume as soon as possible,” said William Carter, the country director of the Norwegian Refugee Council. “The number of displaced people is already in the thousands and is likely to increase as the fighting continues. We have dispatched emergency response teams to areas where people are seeking refuge, such as Sennar and Gedaref states.
“This is a devastating turn of events. Hundreds of thousands of people who fled urban warfare and airstrikes in Khartoum are now facing it all over again in a place they thought was safe.”
Clashes between the warring sides have resumed in El Fasher, the capital of North Darfur state, the last city under army control. Six people, including children, were injured on Saturday as the fighting reached the Abo-Shook camp for internally displaced people (IDP).
A resident of Fasher informed the Guardian that they hadn’t witnessed such violence since the war began in April. “Most of the fighting occurred near IDP camps in Abuja and Nevsha, with heavy artillery being used, making it the most intense,” they said.
Since the beginning of the war, the RSF has recruited numerous fighters from the eastern Nile region in central Sudan, not far from the city of Wad Madani. Commander Abu Agla Mohamed Ahmed Kaikel, who was once an ally of the army, leads these RSF troops. It is believed that his forces within the RSF are responsible for attacking Wad Madani this time.

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