India’s solar mission successfully enters the orbit of the sun: Aditya-L1.

After a journey lasting four months, Aditya-L1 will be responsible for measuring and observing the outer layers of the sun.

The solar observation mission by India has successfully entered the sun’s orbit, marking yet another achievement for the space exploration efforts of the world’s most populous country.

Launched in September, the Aditya-L1 mission is equipped with various instruments designed to measure and observe the sun’s outermost layers.

India’s Minister of Science and Technology, Jitendra Singh, announced on social media that the probe has reached its final orbit with the aim of unraveling the mysteries of the sun-Earth connection.

In the past, the US and the European Space Agency have launched numerous probes to the center of the solar system, starting with Nasa’s Pioneer program in the 1960s. Japan and China have also conducted their own solar observatory missions by placing them in Earth’s orbit.

However, the recent Indian Space Research Organisation mission is the first of its kind from Asia to be positioned in orbit around the sun.

India’s Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, hailed this achievement as yet another significant milestone in the country’s space program. In a social media post, he stated, “It is a testament to the relentless dedication of our scientists. We will continue to explore new frontiers of science for the betterment of humanity.”

Aditya, named after a Hindu sun deity, has traveled a distance of 932,000 miles (1.5 million km) from Earth, which is merely 1% of the distance between Earth and the sun. It is now positioned at a point where the gravitational forces from both celestial bodies cancel each other out, enabling it to maintain a stable halo orbit around the sun.

Costing approximately $48 million (£38 million), the orbiter’s main focus will be the study of coronal mass ejections – periodic occurrences in which vast amounts of plasma and magnetic energy are expelled from the sun’s atmosphere. These intense bursts can reach Earth and disrupt satellite operations.

The mission also aims to enhance our understanding of various solar phenomena by imaging and measuring particles in the sun’s upper atmosphere.

India possesses a space program with a relatively modest budget, but one that has steadily expanded in size and momentum since it first successfully placed a probe in lunar orbit in 2008. In August of last year, India achieved another milestone by becoming the first country to land an unmanned spacecraft near the relatively unexplored lunar south pole, making it the fourth country to successfully land on the moon.

In 2014, India became the first Asian country to put a spacecraft into orbit around Mars, and it is expected to launch a three-day manned mission into Earth’s orbit later this year.

Additionally, India has plans for a joint mission with Japan to send another probe to the moon by 2025, and an orbital mission to Venus within the next two years.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *